This will be a five-paragraph essay when it is finished.  We will begin by writing and revising three strong academic paragraphs that will be the body paragraphs.  After that we will learn how to write strong introductory paragraphs and conclusions.

OPTION 1:  In TKAM, the children continually learn lessons about life both inside and outside the classroom.  Explore three examples of this education by explaining what happened and the impact or lesson it has on the children.  One example must be from the classroom.

OPTION 2 (challenge):  President Obama said, “Through the uncorrupted eyes of a child, (Harper Lee) showed us the beautiful complexity of our common humanity.”  Explore this complexity by showing at least three examples of how common humanity is presented in TKAM, both positively and negatively.  In other words, how does TKAM show us how we treat each other?

 

ACADEMIC PARAGRAPH STRUCTURE:

  • begin with a topic sentence
  • give a detailed example from the text (4-5 sentences)
  • use and explain a quote
  • analyze how your example fits the question, i.e. what lessons are learned and why are they important (option 1), or how the example shows how characters do or should treat people as part of common humanity (option 2) (4-5 sentences MINIMUM)
  • close with an idea connected to topic sentence

 

ESSAY RUBRIC

4 (exceeds standards)

3 (meets standards)

2 (partially meets standards)

1 (does not meet standards)

LT1:  Uses and explains detailed evidence (examples and quotes) that most strongly supports inferences drawn from text.

LT1:  Uses and explains evidence (examples and quotes) that strongly supports inferences drawn from text.

LT1:  Uses evidence from text that supports ideas.

LT1:  Uses minimal evidence from text to support ideas.

LT2:  Determine a central idea and prove its significance over the course of a text.

LT2:  Determine a central idea and analyze its development over the course of a text.

LT2:  Identify a central idea and show it exists in different parts of the text.

LT2:  Does not identify a central idea OR ideas do not adequately support central idea.

LT5:  Write an informative text.  Develop topic with exceptional  examples, specific details, relevant quotations and strong thinking.  Uses unique broad introduction and mirrored conclusion.  Uses formal language—no "I", “me”, “my”, “this essay will”, etc.

LT5:  Write an informative text.  Develop topic with relevant, well-chosen examples, specific details, relevant quotations and solid thinking. Uses broad introduction and mirrored conclusion.  Uses formal language—no "I", “me”, “my”, “this essay will”, etc.

LT5:  Write an informative text.  Develop topic with acceptable examples, details and thinking.  May use supporting quotes.  May use informative introduction and/r simple conclusion.  May not use formal language (no "I", “me”, “my”, “this essay will”, etc.).

LT5:  Uses minimal detail in examples and thinking.  May have basic introduction and/or conclusion.

OR Does not answer question.

 

HOW TO WRITE A BROAD INTRODUCTION IN FIVE STEPS:

STEP 1:  Write two or three strong, interesting sentences about your topic life lessons or common humanity) at a big, worldly level.  Focus on real-life.  Do not mention the book.

STEP 2:  Write one sentence to connect your broad idea to book level.  This might connect people to characters, or people to writers.  Highlight one of the following that works well or write your own...

  • The same is true in books.
  • Characters in books experience this same dilemma.
  • Writers often explore this question through their novels.
  • The same is true for characters in books.
  • Novels often show characters in this same situation.
  • Novels about _________ often explore this same issue.

STEP 3:  Write one sentence to narrow your broad idea to the specific novel.  Mention the title and author.

STEP 4:  Write two or three sentences to give some focus for your essay without giving away your specific details and examples.

STEP 5:  Narrow to your thesis statement.  This will be your final sentence of your introduction.  It will be the idea(s) that you prove in your essay. It should be a statement that is an inference (something you figured out from reading and thinking, rather than something that was directly stated).  It should be original.  It should be strongly worded.

 

HOW TO WRITE A BROAD CONCLUSION IN THREE STEPS:

STEP 1:  Write a sentence that ties your examples together. It might summarize the overall lesson learned or big insight.  You might use one of these sentence starters or something similar...

Each of these lessons...
From these lessons...
From these experiences...
Each of these experiences...
 
STEP 2:  Bring your ideas back to the overall book, i.e.
In To Kill a Mockingbird the lessons children learn continue to shape their understanding of their community and the world.
Within To Kill a Mockingbird, the issue of common humanity is explored through characters and plot.
This can be a few sentences.
 
STEP 3:  Bring your ideas back to the big worldly issue you started with. Leave your reader with a satisfying big idea about life related to your topic.